HOW WILL I GET MY PAYMENT?
Eligible individuals who filed a 2018 or 2019 tax return with direct-deposit authorization should receive their payments automatically from the IRS—about 80 million Americans should already have received their deposits. Individuals can track payment status here.
Those who have not filed tax returns in 2018 or 2019, or who do not have direct deposit information on file with the IRS, can find information about updating their bank account or mailing address here. In addition, the IRS urges taxpayers to file 2019 taxes as soon as possible (although the official deadline has been extended to July 15) to accelerate their economic impact payments. Electronic filing will speed things up as the IRS cannot currently process paper returns.
Individuals who weren’t required to file a tax return in 2018 or 2019 can submit basic personal information for payment distribution here.
Individuals without income—as well as those whose income comes from Social Security, Railroad Retirement, disability or veterans’ benefits—should receive payments automatically. If you receive Social Security or other federal benefits, and also file taxes for other income, the amount of your economic impact check will be based on your latest tax return. If you haven’t yet filed for 2019, it will be based on 2018 tax returns.
For those receiving payment by mail rather than direct deposit, the IRS has warned that it could take several more weeks, or even months, to get those payments.
As of late April, undocumented immigrants who have Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers rather than Social Security Numbers are not eligible for economic impact payments, regardless of whether they pay income taxes. However, Leave No Taxpayer Behind legislation has been introduced in the House of Representatives, which would expand payments to immigrants with ITINs.
No matter how you receive your payment, the IRS will send you a letter by mail to the most current address they have on file, about 15 days after they send your payment. The letter will let you know what to do if you have any issues, including if you haven’t received the payment.